Leisure activities were often centred around the church or chapel, with youth clubs, sports, galas and fayres.
A number of different activities became central to mining communities: they ranged from sports such as Cornish wrestling to food such as pasties and saffron buns. The Cornish also adopted cultural activities which were enjoyed in other parts of industrial Britain, including male voice choirs, brass and silver bands, carol singing and rugby. They all became mainstays of local cultural life and came to be identified as typically ‘Cornish’ by the 1900s. The region’s mining communities have a vibrant cultural heritage. Social and family history is intertwined with a living tradition of music, art and literature. This heritage continues to shape the modern Cornish identity, even though the mining industry itself has all but stopped.