Object of the Month
Beaker pot (replica)
The ‘Beaker’ culture was the first to use metals: copper, gold and later bronze. Bronze, made from tin and copper, could be made into strong effective tools and weapons. This took the world out of the Stone Age and into the Bronze Age. The Beaker culture was widely spread across Europe and takes its name from the style of pottery that they made.
In an excavation in 2006 on the edge of the Geevor site a large area of charcoal and burned stone and a stone–lined ‘cooking pit’ were discovered. The area contained sherds of Beaker pottery. This is a replica of what a whole Beaker pot might have looked like. The charcoal has been radio-carbon dated to between 2200 BC and 1900 BC, making it the earliest Beaker settlement in Cornwall, predating the well-known settlement at Gwithian, near Hayle.
At that time, the local area had no permanent population: it is possible that the reason for the visit of the Beaker people was to recover tin from local streams. Otherwise, the area near the sea was always attractive –food supplies like fish and seals and a supply of flint from beach pebbles were available. The landscape four thousand years ago was very different from today. The sea was about half a mile further out, with sand dunes and a wide beach. The climate was certainly milder and there would have been more vegetation and some trees.